Minimally invasive surgery (MIS) is a surgical technique that uses very small incisions in the skin. Through one of these minimal incisions, an optical system with an attached camera is brought to the "site of action". The camera is connected to video technology so that the surgeon can follow the operation inside true to scale and meanwhile in HDTV quality. The special surgical instruments are inserted through further tiny incisions. MIS is generally more gentle and less stressful for the body than classic open surgery, which involves a large opening. Minimally invasive techniques avoid muscle and tissue disruption. MIS is associated with laparoscopy (abdominal endoscopy).
Minimally invasive surgery